At HomeLight, our vision is a world where every real estate transaction is simple, certain, and satisfying. Therefore, we promote strict editorial integrity in each of our posts.
A home inspection can cost you time, money — or even your home sale.
While buyers cover the cost of a home inspection during a traditional home sale, issues uncovered during the inspection can lead to costly repairs for the seller.
As a home seller, you need to be prepared for every possible scenario — from buyers who make petty cosmetic repair demands to the shock of seeing “foundation cracks” on the inspection report.
So what does a home inspection cost you when you’re selling your home? We’ll break it all down with the help of veteran home inspectors and real estate agents experienced in navigating home inspection negotiations.
How much does a home inspection cost?
The national average cost of a home inspection is $281-$402, depending on your local real estate market, your home’s size, and the home inspector’s experience.
“I charge a $325 base fee for a home up to 2,000 square feet,” says Dave Taurinskas, the Vice President of the Midwest Association of Home Inspectors and owner of Reassurance Home Inspections. “If the home is above 2,000 square feet, it’s an additional $25 per 500 square feet.”
That’s the case for Taurinskas in Minnesota — but in different states, the cost of a home inspection varies. Taurinskas shared that a home inspector he spoke with in North Carolina struggles to get $250 for a 2,500 square foot home, whereas another friend in Washington state charges $475 for the same size house.
The price of a home inspection is also relative to the demand in that area. If more people are buying homes, there’s a greater need for home inspections, which gives local home inspectors the leverage to charge more.
Who pays for the home inspection?
Typically, a buyer pays for the home inspection after you’ve accepted their offer and the house is in escrow.
The home inspection tells the buyer if there is anything wrong with the house and opens the door for further negotiations. 20% of buyers waived the inspection contingency in Q2 2023, according to HomeLight’s recent Top Agent Insights Report, so it’s more than likely that your home will undergo inspection during the selling process.
Once the buyer receives the home inspection report, they have the option to go back to the seller and renegotiate their offer, request repairs, or walk away from the sale completely.
Most buyers hire a home inspector that their real estate agent recommends. A top real estate agent will have a network of trusted professionals that they’ve worked with before, including an objective, thorough, experienced home inspector.
What does the cost of a home inspection cover?
The cost of the home inspection covers the visual evaluation of the house, which takes about 2-3 hours depending on the home’s size, and the home inspector’s written report, which the buyer (or seller if it’s a pre-inspection) receives within a few days of the inspection.
A home inspection is a visual observation of every component of a house. In accordance with the state’s standards, the home inspector identifies health, safety, and major mechanical issues in a home.
“We look at every room, finished or unfinished,” said Taurinskas. “So, crawl spaces, basements, attics — every square inch of the house has to be looked at.”
The home inspector will provide a written report of what they found and their recommendations for which issues require repair. The physical inspection and the written report of findings are included in the cost of the home inspection.
What does a home inspection cost you as the seller?
A home inspector looks for and records major issues that pose threats to a home’s function and safety. Mechanical and structural issues are expensive to fix and can send buyers running — or into tough negotiation mode.
Here are some of the big red flags that home inspectors can find, and how much they’ll cost you to fix:
- Water damage. Water is a home’s worst enemy, according to Taurinskas. HomeAdvisor reports the average cost to repair and clean up water damage is nearly $3,500.
- Mold. Within 24-48 hours of water exposure, mold and mildew will develop and continue to grow until you take care of it. According to FEMA, all molds are capable of adversely affecting human health in the right conditions, so it’s crucial to safely remove it immediately. Mold removal costs around $2,300 on average, so if you have unseen water damage and mold, the cost of your home inspection will add up fast.
- Plumbing issues. Any sign of plumbing issues is a red flag to both a home inspector and a buyer. On average, the cost of a plumber ranges from $175 to $450 for a typical job, which can include repairing faucets, toilets, or sinks. For larger issues, like replacing a water heater, you’re looking at close to $1,300.
- Structural/foundation damage. Foundation cracking and settlement can lead to major structural issues that make a home unsafe to live in. Depending on the severity of the damage, you could find yourself paying anywhere from $500 to more than $10,000.
- Roof damage. Repairing your roof will cost you $1,000 on average. If you need to replace your roof entirely, you’re looking at around $9,200.
- Electrical issues. An electric system that works properly is crucial to the function and safety of your home. Electrical work varies depending on the scope of the project — as low as $60 to repair a switch and up to $1,100 to upgrade or replace an electrical panel.
- Insect or pest infestation. Rodents and insects can spell doom for your house and your wallet. Treatment and extermination costs vary depending on the type of pest — $100-$400 for cockroach fumigation and up to $5,000 for bedbug treatment.
- HVAC issues. Heating and air conditioning problems are easy to notice when the weather reaches high or low temperatures, but home inspectors know what to look for right off the bat. The cost to repair a furnace or AC unit is about $300, but to purchase and install an entirely new one, you can expect to pay around $6,000.
Homeowners can prevent and take care of these issues with regular maintenance and professional repair work, according to Taurinskas. Whenever your house needs substantial repairs, bring in professionals to ensure the issue is fixed properly, and always keep the receipts.
“I inspected a house that had melted circuits and electrical issues the owners had tried to fix themselves,” says Taurinskas. “The circuits were labeled with their kids’ names like, ‘Jane’s Room.’ No one would know other than them which room that is.”
How to prepare for a home inspection
Before your home is inspected, it’s a good idea to take a look around your house as if you were the home inspector.
“Look for plumbing leaks and make sure that the toilets are seated properly. Make sure that all the windows open, close, and lock properly,” Jacki Shafer, a top real estate agent in Shelbyville, Kentucky, says. “Look at your roof and change your furnace filter to let the buyers and the home inspectors know that you are regularly maintaining your home.”
How to keep home inspection costs to a minimum
Following a home inspection, buyers have the opportunity to make repair requests or ask for a repair credit.
Once you receive their requests, you can choose to accept, negotiate, or deny them. The only requests you should consider remedying are those related to function or safety.
Requests buyers should not ask of you:
- Make repairs under $100
- Remedy cosmetic flaws
- Fix loose door knobs or railings
- Replace broken light switches or burnt-out lightbulbs
- Redo any landscaping projects
With the help of your real estate agent, negotiate nit-picky repairs to avoid paying more than you need to. Walk away from buyers who make unreasonable requests and who try to take advantage of you.
What’s a pre-inspection and what does it cost?
As a homeowner, you can hire a home inspector at any time to make sure everything’s in good working order. Before you put your house on the market, you can opt to get a pre-inspection on your house to flag any issues ahead of time.
In that case, the inspector will do a full inspection of your home the same way they would if a buyer hired them. It costs the same as a buyer’s inspection, averaging about $340, which will come out of your pocket.
Money aside, a pre-inspection can change the entire outcome of your home sale.
Should you get a pre-inspection?
A pre-inspection comes with pros and cons.
It can eliminate the risk of getting blindsided by a big surprise during the buyer’s inspection and allow you the time to fix any major issues that could turn buyers away after you’ve done all the work to get your home market-ready.
However, once you receive a pre-inspection report, you must disclose the results to buyers. So, if the pre-inspection comes back with tons of major issues, there’s no taking it back — you legally have to disclose that information to buyers when you put your house on the market.
If the issues are big enough to scare buyers away, the pre-inspection could hinder your potential to get an offer on the table or force you to list at a lower asking price. But, on the bright side, you can take a step back and make the necessary fixes before you list your home in the first place.
If you decide to move forward with a pre-inspection, be sure to save the report, make any necessary repairs, keep the receipts handy, and then put your house on the market.
Have the report and the receipts for all the repairs you’ve made out on the table for buyers to see. It will show them that there aren’t any surprises if they decide to make an offer, which could generate more interest.
If the issues found in the pre-inspection aren’t major defects, talk to your real estate agent about the cost and value of each repair. From there, you’ll be able to determine which issues (if any) you should remedy, or you can decide to proceed with selling your home as is and see what you can get for it.
At the end of the day, whether you choose to do a pre-inspection is 100% your call as a homeowner. Here are the top factors that may help sway your decision one way or the other:
- Your home’s age. The older the house, the more likely it is that there are issues hidden behind the walls.
- Repairs and maintenance you’ve done on the home. If over the span of owning your home, you’ve hired professionals at any sign of trouble to maintain and repair your house regularly, you’re less likely to get sucker-punched by an unexpected material defect in the home inspection report.
- Your real estate agent’s advice. Listen to a top real estate agent’s recommendation when it comes to a pre-inspection. An experienced real estate agent knows what might turn up in your home inspection based on their experience with similar homes in the area. They know the tolerance threshold of local buyers when it comes to certain issues and the level of competition your home faces on the market, all of which play a factor in the decision to make costly repairs. Your real estate agent wants to sell your house for the most money possible, so they’ll do the math on repair costs for you.
- The current real estate market in your area. In a seller’s market, you’ll have more leverage during the home inspection negotiations. Your real estate agent can anticipate if there will be a high volume of offers. If you price the house right, in a strong seller’s market, buyers will jump regardless of the inspection report.
Bottom line: What does a home inspection cost you?
The home inspection during the normal course of a transaction won’t cost you upfront as the homeowner because it’s on the buyer to pay for that peace of mind.
However, if you decide to get a pre-inspection before you list, you’ll have to find and hire a home inspector and cover all the costs of their work.
The results of a home inspection could tack on additional expenses in the form of repairs or repair credits before your home sale can close.
“Invariably, the home inspector will find something,” Shafer reminds her clients. “That’s what they are paid to do.”
Remember that every part of a real estate transaction is negotiable. So while the home inspection opens the door for more back and forth after you go under contract, how much the home inspection costs you will vary depending on what the inspector finds.
You can keep costs down by having a top agent in your corner who has your best interests in mind, knows how to combat unwarranted pricey repair requests, and can keep the deal moving forward without a hitch.
Home inspection FAQ
The cost often varies based on location, size of the home, and the complexity of the inspection. However, as a general range, sellers might expect to pay anywhere from $281 to $402, with larger homes or specialized inspections costing more.
While a general home inspection covers most aspects of the property, specialized inspections like termite, mold, radon, or septic system checks might incur additional fees.
A pre-listing inspection can uncover potential issues before the home is on the market, giving sellers an opportunity to address them upfront and potentially streamline the sales process.
Like most services, some inspectors might be open to negotiation, especially if they’re offering multiple services or if the local market has less demand. However, it’s essential to ensure that the quality of the inspection isn’t compromised.
Typically, the buyer covers the cost of their own inspection. However, if sellers have already done a pre-listing inspection, it can sometimes provide enough reassurance for buyers or be used as a negotiating tool during the sale.
Article Image Source: (SpeedKingz/ Shutterstock)
(Video Credit: Corinne Rivera / HomeLight)