How to Sell a House That Needs Work Without a Complete Overhaul

At HomeLight, our vision is a world where every real estate transaction is simple, certain, and satisfying. Therefore, we promote strict editorial integrity in each of our posts.

Selling a home involves putting it out there to attract buyers. Yet if your patchy lawn and peeling paint look shabby compared to the chic walkway lights and lush landscaping down the street, you might feel like hiding it. If you’re wondering how to sell a house that needs work, we’ve got tips from real estate pros who have seen houses in various conditions to get you to the closing table with confidence.

“Most of the time, sellers think their house is in worse condition than it actually is because they’re living in it and seeing it every day,” says Eli Joseph, a top real estate agent in Hartford County, Connecticut who sells homes 64% faster than average agents in his market. “They just need assurance that the house is going to sell and that someone is going to buy it in that condition.”

Let’s get into the nitty-gritty of how to sell a house that needs work, and take a look at the potential buyers who might be interested in a fixer-upper or a home that feels like it’s frozen in time.

Sell Your House Just the Way it Is

House needs some work? No problem. Skip repairs, staging, and the hassle of open houses. Get an all-cash offer through HomeLight’s Simple Sale platform whenever you’re ready. Receive your offer within 24 hours and close in as little as 10 days. Available to sellers across the U.S.

Learn more about your buyer pool

It’s natural to wonder how a home that needs TLC can compete with turnkey properties, especially when the median sales price of an existing home has soared in the last few years.

Maybe you haven’t maintained your home regularly or you’ve inherited a house and want to sell it. Regardless, your house doesn’t have to be perfect. It just has to show the potential for buyers to make money, build equity, or obtain the lifestyle they want within their budget.

Possible buyer #1: The real estate investor

What’s a real estate investor?

Real estate investors can be individual house flippers, small or large-scale rental landlords, or even house-buying companies such as We Buy Houses.

You may have also heard of tech-enabled cash buyers (often called iBuyers) such as Opendoor, Offerpad, and HomeLight, that use technology to value homes and make near-instant offers. HomeLight’s Simple Sale platform, for example, can help you get a no-obligation, all-cash offer for your home in 24 hours, and close in as few as 10 days.

How do they operate?

These buyers usually pay with all cash and prefer to buy homes off-market. Many will purchase homes as-is, meaning the seller isn’t expected to do any work to improve the home’s current condition.

For this type of buyer, a purchase is generally all about how the numbers shake out since they don’t plan to live in the property. Would the costs of buying and rehabbing the property allow the buyer to resell it at a decent profit? Alternatively, would the cash flow cover their expenses should they aim to rent the property?

What do they look for in a home?

Daniel Close is a real estate investor in Louisville, Kentucky with over 15 years of experience. He says his main calculation is a home’s value after the cost of repairs. In Louisville’s starter-home range of about $150,000 to $200,000, he aims for 80% after-repair value, or ARV. In general, investors offer about 70% of a property’s ARV for a house they plan to flip.

Close also considers how the home might appeal to future buyers. “I look at the neighborhood a lot. Is it trending in the right direction or the wrong direction? What’s this neighborhood going to look like in five years or 10 years?” he says. “Room layout is a big one for me. Is the flow appropriate? Do I have to knock down walls, or redo a bathroom? Do I need to move the kitchen or the bathroom? That’s a lot of money.”

Possible buyer #2: The bargain hunter

Who are the bargain hunters?

This type of buyer would love to live in a specific location but hasn’t been able to land their dream home, either because they can’t afford the average home prices there or because someone else — like a cash buyer — has snapped it up first. This buyer may be a first-timer who is unable to tap into existing equity to buy a new home or a DIYer who isn’t afraid of a house that needs some TLC.

How do they operate?

While most buyers would prefer a move-in ready home over one that requires renovations, deal-hunters, by contrast, go against the grain. They are likely to ask their real estate agent to share listings of a lower price point for the area that may require some work.

What do they look for in a home?

A bargain hunter is looking for the potential to create their dream home on a limited budget. A house that needs cosmetic updates and some elbow grease to be move-in ready is OK with a deal-hunter, so long as it has decent bones and a location they love.

Close to 80% of homes that went on the market last year exceeded the average buyer’s budget. That means more buyers are having to sacrifice their expectations for a home’s condition to make homeownership a reality.

“They just need the vision of what can be done and how it can be done,” says Joseph.

How to sell a house that needs work to an investor

Because price drives the investor, you don’t have to stress about looking through paint or flooring swatches. However, you should still prepare the house so it’s presentable, especially for your peace of mind.

1. Spend a few hours cleaning up

When you sell your home to an investor, you skip the process of staging and showing your home. However, an investor is still likely to perform a digital or in-person walkthrough of the property. The investor may arrange to stop by or send a representative of their business to perform an assessment.

Do what you can to make this a good experience. Clean dirty dishes, run the vacuum, and make the beds. Clear countertops and use a multi-purpose cleaner to scrub the bathrooms. Even when you sell as-is, a little sprucing up never hurts.

Arrange for a dumpster if you have a ton of junk. Close says in his area, most sellers don’t realize that they can rent a dumpster for about $300 for a week, including a company’s drop-off and removal fees, which can expedite the process.

Along with your home’s looks, focus on its smell. “We always walk the property and do a smell test,” says Joseph, whose office has cleaners ready to help before listing. “If the smell is off, most of the time, that’s a deterrent. That might cause someone to not even buy the house.”

2. Get a home value estimate

Do a little research on your home’s value before you accept an offer from an investor. You can start with a free estimate from HomeLight’s Home Value Estimator.

Our Home Value Estimator combs public data, including tax records and assessments, and pulls recent sales records for other properties in your neighborhood. Using a short questionnaire, we also factor in specifics about your home such as the property type and described condition.

Simply input your address, and we’ll provide you with a preliminary home value estimate in under two minutes. Although it’s not a substitute for a real estate agent’s comparative market analysis (CMA), an online estimate can provide a benchmark for determining whether any offers you receive are on the high or low side.

3. Collect contractor estimates

Joseph collects estimates from a team of contractors, plumbers, and builders to help set and negotiate a price. An investor himself, he appreciates having numbers handy, even for low-cost projects such as painting, to make the calculations easier.

An investor who has contractors on staff might pay less for repairs and renovations than someone hiring contractors a bit at a time, Close adds. However, he finds that having estimates available helps sellers gain a fuller picture of their property’s condition when he’s ready to negotiate.

“Some people just see the house as, ‘Oh, it’s cosmetics. It’s 10 to 15 years old. It’s dated.’ You can look at that house, and you can look at a house that’s in massive disrepair. But the costs could be similar to repair both,” Close says.

“If the house is dated, you still have to redo everything: the whole kitchen, the countertops, the cabinets, the flooring, paint the walls, remove wallpaper,” he explains. “If the house is in disrepair, you’re still going to have to do all those things.”

“The only real difference is the mechanicals,” he adds. “Is it in such bad repair that you have to replace and redo the electric, the HVAC, and all that? A house can look awful, and a house can look dated, but you’re probably looking at the same rehab costs.”

4. Request a cash offer and sell ‘as-is’

Now that you have an estimate of your home’s value and an idea of what repairs might cost, you’re ready to see what an investor would pay.

Consider requesting a no-obligation cash offer through HomeLight Simple Sale. We’ll connect you to the largest network of cash buyers in the U.S. to get you a competitive offer for your house within 24 hours. Home sellers can close in as little as 10 days and aren’t on the hook for any repairs, closing costs, or agent commissions.

“I think the big advantage for the seller with a cash offer is the convenience factor,” says Close, who works with Simple Sale sellers. “You close in as little as two weeks; there won’t be an inspection, just me walking through.”

“I get some houses where someone has lived there for a long time, and the house is in good shape. I also see homes with major disrepairs where someone hasn’t lived there in five years or kept up with it. It’s a pretty big variety.”

A HomeLight infographic on how to sell a house that needs work.

How to sell a fixer-upper to a bargain hunter

Your fixer-upper could be the perfect home for a buyer who seeks a clean slate and the chance to design a home they haven’t been able to find or buy for the right price, especially in a coveted area. “The competition can work in your favor,” says Katrina Deist-Zemar, a top real estate agent in Mesa, Arizona with 34 years of experience.

“People are waiting months for a house to come up in a [specific] subdivision,” she says. “To be able to get out of that box where everybody is waiting for a listing to pop is to be able to drive your own destiny.”

For these buyers, you’ll want to convey the potential they’re gaining while they’re saving on price (also while maximizing how much you can net, of course).

Selling a House That Needs Work? A Top Agent Can Help

Experienced real estate agents have seen it all. Their expertise helps clients prioritize needed repairs and upgrades, and they tend to sell houses faster and for more money than average agents.

1. Collect expert opinions

Time to bring in the pros. Consider making these hires as you embark on selling your home.

Real estate agent

If you’re overwhelmed by the prospect of selling a fixer-upper, enlist the help of a top real estate agent who routinely sells homes that need some work. HomeLight makes it easy to find an agent with relevant experience through our agent-matching platform, and we’d be happy to make an introduction for you.

To determine home value, your real estate agent will conduct a comparative market analysis (CMA) that analyzes local comparable sales or “comps.”

Comps are homes similar in size, amenities, structure, and age to your own that recently sold in your area. Real estate professionals and home appraisers use comps as a reference point for the subject home and then make dollar adjustments based on competitive differences.

An agent’s pricing expertise will be an invaluable tool in selling your fixer-upper.

Home inspector

An inspector can also be your friend, even if you’re a little worried about what the inspection would uncover. Better to go in eyes-wide-open as to what issues may trip up your sale. You can opt to get a pre-listing inspection to identify any significant problems that might limit your buyer pool, such as repairs that might prohibit buyers with FHA loans from purchasing.

An inspection costs about $342 on average but can save you time and headaches down the line.

While you might not be able financially to handle every repair, talk with your agent about necessary disclosures and how to bridge negotiation gaps with add-ins such as a home warranty.

2. Clean up the yard and the house

Take the time to clean your home to grab buyers’ attention and your highest price. A HomeLight survey of top agents confirms that a deep clean can add about $3,700 in resale value, thanks to the good impression a sparkling home makes.

“Clean sells extremely well,” says Deist-Zemar.

Your home should look presentable in listing photographs, considering 41% of homebuyers begin their search online. “Even on my full-gutted properties, I still have a professional photographer,” Close says. “You have to take great pictures.”

And don’t forget about boosting your home’s curb appeal. Another HomeLight survey found that buyers will pay 7% more on average for a home with exceptional curb appeal. You don’t have to spend a ton, but consider removing weeds, mowing the grass, planting flowers in pots, and spreading fresh mulch to spruce up your landscaping.

If your front yard is mostly dirt, consider using gravel to improve your outdoor space. Laying down pea gravel costs about $100-$500, making it a cost-effective way to improve the look of your outdoor space while improving drainage.

3. Make small and affordable fixes

Deist-Zemar recommends that sellers put in the time and effort it takes to prepare their homes for sale: “It’s definitely worth the seller’s time and money to make the smaller [updates] if they can.”

“I’ve always told my clients that it takes a buyer twice as much money to make the same repairs the seller could make,” says Deist.

Think of it this way: the less you repair, the more equity you might have to give away in order to make the house worth it. Small repairs include but aren’t limited to:

  • Adding some landscaping
  • Patching nail holes in drywall
  • Deep cleaning stained tubs and toilets
  • Fixing broken or squeaky hinges and doors
  • Fixing leaky pipes
  • Adding new caulk around the tub and sink
  • Cleaning grout
  • Replacing cabinet knobs or handles
  • Treating stains in your carpet

Joseph says if he notices FHA issues, such as paint, he’ll recommend that the seller address these before listing. “Paint goes a long way. Paint can make anything look brand-new. Some people love a fresh coat of paint, and that smell — it feels new.”

4. Mention renovation loans in your listing or at your showing

A renovation loan may be one of your most useful tools when selling your fixer-upper. If buyers go this route, they can factor the projected renovation costs into their total loan amount rather than buying the home and then paying to make upgrades separately. Some renovation loans include the FHA 203(k) loan and the Fannie Mae HomeStyle Renovation loan.

A savvy agent who can mention this funding in the listing or at a showing can help buyers plan for the possibilities.

“Most people don’t even know the different types of funding to get a deal done. You don’t need to have all your cash to buy that fixer-upper,” says Joseph, who teaches a class on rehabilitation loans and financing options.

If a buyer knows “they could go in and have $30,000 [from a renovation loan] to do all the floor and paint and update the fixtures,” these loans can make the difference in closing the deal, Deist-Zemar adds.

5. Highlight location features and best qualities

The quality of the neighborhood and convenience to family and friends are top factors in a buyer’s purchase decision.

Your agent can point out the pluses, such as proximity to hiking trails, parks, public transportation, restaurants, entertainment venues, and other attractions. If your home is located in a great school district, be sure to mention that in the listing description, too.

As for the home itself, think of what buyers want most in a home:

For either potential buyer: Be honest about the work your home needs

Although some people might be more embarrassed about their home’s condition than necessary, others living in a home that needs work sometimes don’t realize how much work it needs.

Joseph says he always asks clients what they think of their property, and then asks their permission to offer his opinion. While he treads gently if people are emotional, he’s also honest about a home’s strengths and fixes.

“They have many memories there. It might be the most valuable asset that they own,” he says. “But we always want to be as transparent as possible.”

So, your home isn’t move-in ready? You can still sell it

Whether you’re nervous about what potential buyers might think of your carpeting or worried that your roof won’t survive the listing process, you can still sell a house that needs work and pick a method that works for you.

Your main options are to request a cash offer from a platform like HomeLight’s Simple Sale and sell as-is with little fuss, or you may choose to put in a little elbow grease to clean and make light repairs, then price the property appropriately to attract a bargain hunter. When in doubt, you can always reach out to a top local real estate agent for guidance.

Header Image Source: (Steven Cordes / Unsplash)